Buying a Used Piano

Suggestions on Buying a Used Piano

1. How does the instrument look?
How will it look in your home with your furniture? Will its size allow it to be moved into your home? (Consider any corners, stairs, wall space.) Does the piano have any missing hardware or veneer, or is the veneer lifting? If you don’t like the looks, you might as well stop looking at it at this point. Any piano can be refinished and/or restyled; however this can be very expensive ($2000 to $5000). Also ask if there is a bench (if one is not in sight).

2. Play the piano.
Play in all registers, both loud and soft, fast and slow, with pedals and without. Does everything work? Is the instrument up to pitch and in tune? Does the tone sound even in all registers? Do the keys repeat quickly? Do some keys travel deeper than others, or are there some keys that start out lower or higher than others when at rest? Do the notes stop ringing when you release the keys and pedal, or do some continue to ring on and on? Do you hear any sounds (like clicking, squeaks, buzzing or rattles) when you play? Do the pedals work smoothly and firmly? (If you do not play the piano, take along someone who does.)

3. Open the piano.
If there is anything on the instrument other than music, ask the owner to remove it. You are better off to have them risk breaking knickknacks, pictures, lamps, etc. It is usually fairly clear how to raise the lid of the piano, but first check to be sure that hinge pins are there, and that the hinges are solid so that you do not risk dropping or damaging the lid. Be careful that the lid does not hit a wall. Prop the lid open and slide the music desk out (on a grand) or remove the front board (on a vertical). You will see whether the front is held in place with screws or clips. Also remove the bottom board (usually held in place with a spring clip) to examine the bottom portion of the strings, soundboard and bridges.

With the case now open, you can note the condition of the strings, tuning pins and action. Check for the following:

• Cleanliness of the action
• Rust on strings and tuning pins
• Any missing strings, new strings (shinier than the others)
• Any pins that have string coils hammered down to the iron plate
• Missing hammers, worn out hammers (look for deep grooves where hammers strike the strings).
• Hammers that rub against neighbor hammers
• Do you see any large cracks in the soundboard, or are there cracks next to the pins where the strings cross over the bridges?

4. Name and Serial Number:
Before you close the instrument, copy the piano brand name and serial number. The brand name should be written on the iron plate, or fallboard (check to be sure they are the same) and the serial number (usually a five to eight digit number) should also be found on the iron plate. If not there, look on the back of the instrument. Different manufacturers put the number in different places, but it is usually in an obvious spot. Also note the model number, if possible. With this information, a piano technician should be able to tell the year of manufacture, as well as other pertinent information about the particular instrument.

5. How will the piano be moved?
Who will be responsible for moving the instrument, and how much will this cost?

If the piano passes these tests, then it is time to have your piano technician examine the instrument. At that time, more technical items can be addressed. I also highly recommend reading The Piano Book, by Larry Fine (Brookside Press), which is a book written for the express purpose of buying and owning a new or used piano. 

Piano Moving

Piano moving

by Jack Houweling

Piano moving can be very difficult and should be left to professionals. Both the weight and size of a piano determine how it should be moved.

Pianos can weigh between 400 and 1300 pounds making this task risky for an inexperienced mover. And although heavy, different pianos have different proportions, thus they need to be handled differently. Upright pianos are top heavy and can easily tip. Grand’s are more difficult because the must be flipped on their side and put on a special skid. Although you may not want to hire a mover just to move around the home this can also be dangerous or cause other problems such as marking floors, walls or steel casters will not roll properly. Even movers will put a piano on a dolly to move a piano across a room.

The pros move many pianos a day and are very good at it. Because they are fast and efficient the cost will be fair as opposed to other types of movers who will take twice as long and do not have the experience. Professional piano movers make it look so easy, but it takes experience and proper equipment to be a pro. They use ramps, dollies, straps, sleds and moving blankets and even some use stair climbers.

Call a piano store, teacher or a piano tuner to get a referral for a qualified piano mover,

or check your directory for PIANO MOVERS who only move pianos.

Only let piano movers move pianos.